East Tennessee Irrigation Systems


Different Types of Irrigation Systems for Your Landscape

Why Opt for an Efficient Irrigation System?

Etld has an expert design and installation team with over 30 years of experience in all types of irrigation, including lake, pond, and river pump systems, removing the cost of water from traditional city sources. We have designed, built, and serviced lawn sprinkler systems for residential landscapes, drip irrigation for roses and other specialty plants, Spray systems for greenhouses, pole rotor systems for nurseries, and bubbler systems for orchards.

Understanding Landscape Irrigation

In the agricultural sector, irrigation is a well-established method for controlled water distribution to farmlands for effective crop growth. Similarly, this system is crucial for the upkeep of flourishing landscape plants and lawns, commonly called watering. Farms that depend solely on natural rainfall are termed as rain-fed.

Critical Components of an Effective Irrigation System

It’s crucial to have a well-maintained irrigation system for optimal landscape design. An efficient system will deliver water to replenish soil moisture lost through transpiration and evaporation. A standard irrigation setup includes the type of sprinkler system (automatic or manual) and its layout.

Popular Landscape Irrigation Systems

  1. Lawn Sprinkler System: A time-tested method, ideal for large swathes of similar plants. It is best used in the evening to minimize water evaporation.
    • Advantages: Versatile, precise water targeting, uniform fertilizer distribution, water conservation, ease of use, and long-term cost-effectiveness.
    • Cost: Ranges from $1800 to $5200 in East Tennessee.
  2. Drip Irrigation System: A water-efficient system that delivers water directly to the root zone of each plant.
    • Advantages: Easy installation, water conservation, no drift, time-saving, and labor-saving.
    • Cost: Ranges from $1800 to $2500, or as low as $50 for small home gardens.
  3. Rain Catchment Drip Irrigation: Combines drip irrigation with rainwater harvesting, using gravity to distribute water.
    • Advantages: Reduced water bills, limited water demand, no need for filtration.
    • Cost: Ranges from $1200 to $2000.
  4. Bubbler Irrigation System: A hybrid between drip and sprinkler systems, suitable for areas with higher water requirements.
    • Advantages: Consistent flow, versatility, and less water wastage.
    • Cost: Ranges from $2500 to $6000.
  5. Underground System: Ideal for large areas, it can be upgraded to an automatic system.
    • Advantages: Convenience, enhanced landscape health, good resale value.
    • Cost: Averages around $2538 but can range between $1699 to $3528.

Techniques in Irrigation Systems

Various techniques are employed in irrigation systems, such as micro-irrigation, Flood Systems, Rotary Sprinklers, and Spray Irrigation Systems, each with pros and cons.